Paper Title
Physico-Chemical Parameters of Well Water from Selected Welding Workshops in and Old Panteka Market, Kaduna.

Environmental degradation through industrial, agricultural and domestic activities is a major public health issue globally. The discharge of industrial effluents without prior treatment has led to the pollution of well water bodies in and around old Panteka market Kaduna - Nigeria. Water quality can be ascertained via the analysis of various physical and chemical parameters. The present study determined the physicochemical characteristics (pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, total solids, carbonate, bicarbonate, alkalinity, phosphate, nitrate, temperature, chloride and turbidity) and concentrations of selected heavy metals (cadmium, copper, chromium, nickel and lead) of water samples from eleven well water bodies in and around Old Panteka market Kaduna. The values of the physicochemical parameters indicate that most of the well water bodies are heavily polluted with the level of pollution, especially in the Old Panteka market Kaduna, increasing over the period. Out of the five heavy metals analysed, the well water bodies were mainly polluted with copper, cadmium, and lead. Key words- Physico-chemical characteristics, Well Water bodies, Old Panteka, Kaduna, Nigeria