A Comparative Analysis Of The Teaching And Learning Process Of Undergraduate Studentsin Korea And Japan – Based On The Cases Of Seoul National University And Hokkaido University
The purpose of this study was to investigate the teaching and learning process experienced by university students in Korea and Japan, and compare and analyze the higher education system between the two countries. For this purpose, surveys were conducted in Seoul National University (SNU) and Hokkaido University (HU), based on questionnaires developed by the Korea Educational Development Institute and the Universities Institutional Research Consortium respectively, in which approximately 800 students participated from each university. Each of the surveys contained questions of six categories, each of which was known to affect academic achievement: level of class participation, extracurricular activities, active learning, cooperative learning, interaction with professors and academic competencies. After the surveys were concluded, the common questions in the two surveys were identified and the results of such questions were compared and analyzed. As a result, students from HU relatively higher in their level of interaction with the faculties, collaborative learning experiences and study hours, but students in SNU scored relatively higher in their attitude in class, satisfaction of university support and demonstrated an overall higher score in terms of the average of the learning outcomes than HU. The results of this study will contribute to the analysis of the status of students’ learning process in each university in South Korea and Japan, and provide insight into areas that require improvement. They will also help develop concrete measures that may help improve the quality of higher education in both countries.