Determinants of Food Security in Southeast Europe Countries in Pre Crises Period
Global food security today is affected by conflict, climate shocks and the threat of global recession. The world is facing a crisis of unprecedented proportions and millions of people are at risk of worsening food insecurity unless appropriate action is taken now to address the drivers of this crisis. The aim of the paper is to analyze the impact of expenditure on food and soft drinks, poverty rate, export-import of agricultural products and total investments on food security in countries of the former Yugoslavia in the pre-crisis period and the potential effect of the current crisis on the level of food security. The research covered all countries of Southeast Europe, which are also the countires of the former Yugoslavia: Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia and North Macedonia. The research data were taken from the FAOSTAT database, World Bank, as well as the national statistics of the countries of the former Yugoslavia for the period from 2006 to 2018 and hierarchical regression analysis was used. The results of the research showed that expenditure on food and soft drinks, poverty rate, export-import of agricultural products and total investments significantly determine the level of food security in Southeast Europe countries.
Keywords - Food Security, Sustainable Agriculture, Crises, Factors of influence, Southeast Europe countries.