Hotspot Internet Technolgy Services for Rural Areas
The lack of broadband internet services in rural areas, called the digital divide, limits medical access to Tele health services, limits educational resources for homeschooling, limits Science Technology and Engineering Mathematics (STEM) programs. Large American cities have broadband internet access that uses installed coaxial cable, optical fiber, and satellite transmissions, which are offered to residents at economic rates, but many states AL, AR, LA, MS, OK, and TX, have vast rural areas that are not served by cellular or internet cable service providers. The Native American Cherokee tribe in Oklahoma, has launched 35 internet hot spots to serve their communities to provide language training and other educational services. Other Native American tribes, Osage and Choctaw, have received grants from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and National Telecommunications Information Agency (NTIA) with which to deploy broadband internet services. Hot spots using Wireless fidelity (WiFi), can be an interim solution to provide rural internet service for rural void coverage at a much lower cost than satellites provide, and offers ease of deployment without using expensive ground coaxial or fiber optical cabling interfaces.
Keywords - Broadband, Wifi, Hotspots, Native American Tribes, Speed Tests, STEM, FCC, USDA And NTIA.