Paper Title
Environmental Impact Assessment of Conventional Tyre Manufacturing Process

The popularity of vehicles in both industrialized and developing economies led to a rise in the production of tyres. People have become increasingly concerned about the tyre industry's possible environmental impact in the last two decades. The life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology was employed to determine the environmental impact of tyre tyre manufacturing process (gate to gate) at an Indian firm. This study is limited to gate-to-gate analysis of manufacturing processes with the functional unit of a single tyre weighing 50 kg. GaBi software was used to do both qualitative and quantitative analysis. Environmental impact indicators, such as CO2, SO2, NOx, GWP (global warming potential), AP (acidification potential), EP (eutrophication potential), POCP (photochemical oxidant formation potential), and HTP (human toxic potential), are measured. The results demonstrate that the major contributor to environmental pollution is electricity. The Banbury process has a very high negative environmental impact, which causes respiratory problems for workers and operators. Keywords - Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); Environmental Impact Indicators; Tyre Manufacturing Process; Environmental Impact Assessment, ISO 14040-14044;