Towards Bio-Economy: Optimal Match of Biomass Resources to Bio-Products Productions
Bio-based economy or simply bio-economy is not a new concept. This concept, rather to be called as a practice, has had important contributions to the nation�s developments and poverty alleviation for many countries in the world. However, the concept now is refreshed with more strategic activities such as planning and operating the bio-refineries that utilize biomass resources. In this paper, optimal match of biomass resources to bio-products productions has been proposed and serve as a pre-requisite step in planning and operation of a bio-refinery. Brief explanations about thermochemical biomass conversion are reported. A superstructure of alternatives to produce bio-products such as bioenergy, bio-chemicals or bio-materials from biomass resources show a guided description in connecting and optimizing processing stages that are required to convert the biomass. Later in the optimization model�s formulation, bio-economic indicator such as profitability would be one of the relevant objective functions for achieving an optimal solution.
Index Terms� Bio-economy, bio-refinery, biomass, biomass conversion routes, bio-products.