A Comparative Analytical Study of Mural Design in The Classics of Mosaic Art and Diversity in Contemporary Performance
The first real knowledge of mosaic art is the classical Greek figurative mosaic with representational decoration, which dates back to the end of the fifth century BC. The mosaics of the fourth century BC tend to copy the style of the frescoes, as it appears in the front of a strip of land below the shapes, shading and other manifestations of a preoccupation with figurative space. In the late Hellenistic ages, a type of mosaic developed that refers to gradations of colors and subtle shading techniques to an attempt to accurately reproduce the distinctive qualities of the art of painting. Then, an important change occurred in the Roman Imperial era when mosaics gradually developed their aesthetic laws. They were used as a means primarily not for floors and new rules for design and to govern them. Conceiving a perspective and choosing a viewpoint different from that characteristic of wall decoration, Equally important was the simplification of design resulting from the demand for more rapid production methods in the same time period, the increasing use of colored materials powerfully stimulating the independence of mosaic from painting as a means of covering walls and vaults, I realized Mosaic finally has its full potential of stunning and suggestive distance effects that you miss A major trend in contemporary mosaic performance and design is to build on the unique qualities of the medium, although few works created in the twentieth century reveal the influence of figurative or abstract painting on it, art has come a long way Towards self-realization Modern mosaic artists share with their medieval predecessors the conviction that there are jobs for which mosaic materials are particularly well suited.
In the light of the study of the compatibility and difference between the performance of the classics of mosaic art and the diversity in contemporary performance, many different designs of mural work appeared, some of which express the environment and identity of the place and others do not express his identity, due to the mixing and exchange between ancient and contemporary techniques together, for this it became important to study the environment The surrounding environment for the artist in different eras, which should not be isolated from it in order to emphasize the identity of place and time, and which the environment, culture and thought had a great impact on the emergence of this type of contemporary art and distinguished in everything in the design and the use of different materials together. Every place is a cultural background that distinguishes it about others.
Keywords - Classical Mosaic - Contemporary Mosaic - Mural Materials.