Evaluation of the Biogas Obtained by the Anaerobic Digestion of Rural Biomasses in Ecuador
An energy transition is needed that leads to switching fossil fuels to other sources by seeking new alternatives and lower cost. Biogas and biomethane can play an important role in a sustainable energy future. Biogas is a viable alternative that can be obtained from the anaerobic digestion of rural biomass with the possibility of installing biodigesters to take advantage of this source of raw material in gas for household consumption, generate electricity, heat and fertilizer on a large scale to be used in national agriculture. This article evaluates the Biogas produced by the anaerobic digestion of rural biomass in a pilot team formed by a train of biodigesters, whose main objective is to carry out the bibliographic review on the characterization of Biogas produced by the anaerobic digestion of rural biomasses in a pilot team formed by a train of biodigesters, and thus, determine the chemical composition and production parameters of Biogas. A methodology was carried out with a sequence order for the selection of the bibliography that was based on methodological quality and compliance with the criteria of scientific quality investigated, was written with coherence and logic for greater reading analysis. The results obtained from the multiple literatures were scientific information, allowed to analyze the results of the investigations, concluding that all the scientific information developed forms the basis to continue with similar experimental processes in our country.
Keywords - Biogas, Anaerobic Digestion, Rural Biomass, Train of Biodigesters, Biogas Production