Recent Agricultural Crops and Govt. SUPPORT in West Bengal, India
The first step in the development of civilization and human development is the invention of agricultural work. When the production of food products is started by utilizing the resources obtained in nature, agriculture is produced! People's food needs are being met through agriculture and agriculture has become one of the main livelihoods of the people. Although the number of people involved in agriculture in developed countries is small, about 60 percent of the people in the Third World make a living through agriculture. At present more than 60 “per cent of the total population of the state of about 10 crores are engaged in agriculture”. Total Net Agricultural Land is 19000 thousand hectares and Gross Agricultural Land is 3333thousands hectares. 62 percent of the total agricultural land in the state is under irrigation and 38 percent of agricultural land is out of irrigation. “The average agricultural holding area in this state is 0.7 hectare and 96 per cent of the total farmers are small and marginal farmers. The northern part of West Bengal is located in the foothills of the Himalayas”. The Ganges, the Mahananda, the Hooghly, the Teesta, the Torsa, the Ajay, the Damodar, the Mayurakshi, etc., flow along the middle of the Bay of Bengal and the state in the south. In terms of topography, West Bengal is located in the lower Gangetic plains! Variations can be noticed in the state's economy. Fertile doas, clay soils in North Dinajpur, South Dinajpur, Malda, Murshidabad districts in north, clay soil, Birbhum, sandy loam and laterite soils in Bankura Purulia district and East Medinipur, West Medinipur North 24 Pargana and South 24 Pargana south . Different crops are produced in different parts of the state for such a diverse climate and diverse soil. Although tea production is predominant in the north of the state, various kharif and rabi grains including paddy, wheat, jute, mustard, sesame, linseed, sugarcane, potato are produced. However, much of the agricultural production in West Bengal is controlled by the monsoon climate. Irrigation is very necessary in this case. At present, the character of agricultural production around the world has changed. Agriculture is now commercial as well as livelihood! Therefore, in order to keep pace with the world economy, new equipment is being added to the agricultural system of West Bengal, along with chemicals, pesticides, high yielding seeds and adequate irrigation facilities. What is needed is financial assistance, special loans in the field of agriculture and various development oriented programs and government plans. The state government and the central government have adopted various plans for the development of agriculture since independence. We need to adopt more development oriented plans in the future. “Special mention in this case is PMFBY, PMKSY, PKVY, NIMSA, NeGPA, CHC, NMOOP, SMAM, FSSM, OTA-SFI, KCC, IWMP, MIDH, Amar Dhan Amar Gola, Amar Dhan Amar AmarChatal etc”.
Keyword - High Yielding Variety(HYV), Modern Agricultural Technology, Street Pattern Irrigation(SPI), Minimum Support Price(MSP), Kisan Movement, Crops Insurance, Gross Domestic Production(GDP).