Thriving at Work and Job Characteristics as Predictors of Burnout
In teaching and learning activities, teachers are more likely to experience emotional exhaustion, that can lead to indifference feelings towards students, and lack of enthusiasm in teaching. These experiences are symptoms of burnout. Burnout could affect educational institutions in negative way, such as the decreasing of teachers' desire to remain working, health problems in teachers, customer satisfaction and student’s motivation to study. Research shows that burnout is predicted by thriving at work as an internal factor. Besides the internal factors, burnout can also be predicted by external factors. Research shows that job characteristics can predict burnout. Currently, there are still few studies that explain burnout based on internal factors (thriving at work) and external factors (job characteristics), hence authors did the research. This research was conducted on teachers located in the Greater Jakarta area. The number of participants planned in this study was 320 people. Burnout was measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Thriving at work was measured by the Thriving at work Scale. Job characteristics was measured by The Work Design Questionnaire. The results support both hypotheses 1 and hypotheses 2. Both thriving at work and job characteristics could predict burnout. All dimensions of job characteristics could predict burnout in teachers. Task significance is the highest in predicting burnout, while the lowest in predicting burnout is feedback. Thriving at work has higher regression score in predicting burnout than job characteristics, so that we can state that in this case internal factor is stronger than external factor in predicting burnout.
Keywords - Burnout, Job Characteristics, Job Characteristic Model, Teacher, Thriving at Work.