Recent Trends in Agriculture: Organic Farming
The great Indian civilization thrived on organic farming and was one of the most prosperous countries in the world, till the British ruled it. Increasing pesticide residues in food materials, eutrophication of surface and ground-waters and increasing nitrous oxide emissions which are detrimental to the ozone layer of the atmosphere, drew attention towards the harmful effects of modern agriculture and environmentalists pressed hard for a more sustainable agriculture. The role of organic farming in India rural economy can be leveraged to mitigate the ever-increasing problem of food security in India. With rapid industrialization of rural states of India, there has been a crunch for farmland.The excess/indiscriminate use of pesticides and fertilizers has led to the entry of harmful compounds into food chain, death of natural enemies and deterioration of surrounding ecology. Global efforts have been initiated for reducing the effects of climate change on earth in general and agriculture in particular.
Keywords - Organic Farming, Bio-Fertilizers, Bio-Pesticides