Body Donation as a Gift in The Advancement of Science
Anatomy, the basic subject studied by medical students at the beginning of their medical career, forms dissection and human cadavers an indispensable part of anatomy training for health care professionals. With an ever increasing number of medical institutions, there is an increased demand of cadavers. Without dissection of cadavers, teaching and learning of anatomy is nearly difficult; but there is a scarcity in the availability of the donated bodies (Body donation is an act of donating one's body after death for medical research and education). There is a gap between the knowledge and motivation for organ and body donation after death which has to be overcome by proper guidance and education. There are so many current tools which could be applied in 21st century medical education, but to create an idea of the human body, the dissection of human cadavers has no alternative. Many medical colleges worldwide are still struggling and competing over the smooth availability of sufficient cadavers for teaching purpose. Unclaimed bodies coming from the authorized government institutions and a few donated bodies are the usual source for cadavers in medical institutions. Ignorance, religion, culture, emotional attachment to the deceased and societal attitudes are some among the numerous complex factors that pose hindrance for body donation. Even though countries like America, Japan and China are more open to body donation, the time has yet to come to motivate general minds for organ or body donation for the advancement of medical science. Body donation programs need to be encouraged by key stake holders in the medical community and regular campaigns held to create awareness among general public regarding the concept of Body donation.
Index Terms - Anatomy, Body donation, Cadaver, Dissection, Education Medicine.