Effect of Smoking on Dental Implants Bone Loss
Purpose: İmplants are now being used to replace the missing teeth. The success of the implant depends on many factors such as oral hygiene, implant material used, bone quality and smoking. The present retrospective research was conducted to evaluate marginal bone loss, gingival index, plaque index and bleeding and bleeding on Probing in the distal and mesial regions of the implant in smokers and non-smokers.
Materials and Methods: For this retrospective study, participants were selected from all patients who had been implanted between February 2012 and June 2017 in the dental faculty. Various information about age, gender and smoking habits were recorded for each patient. The readings were statistically evaluated by SPSS statistical software by using Chi‑square test at P ≤ 0.05.
Results: In this study, the mean age range of patients was 55± 13,3years There were 52 male and 65 female participants, 95 were non-smokers and 22 were smokers with 241 dental implants
Conclusion: This study showed that the marginal bone loss in the distal region of the implant was significantly different from the mesial region compared to the non-smokers, and there was also a significant difference in gingival index, and plaque index.